REKONSTRUKSI PENAFSIRAN AYAT BIDADARI SURGA MELALUI TAFSIR MUBĀDALAH

  • Tsania Nadzifah Hilmie Institut Agama Islam Negeri Ponorogo
  • Umar Faruq Thohir Institut Agama Islam Negeri Ponorogo

Abstract

One of the fundamental teachings in Islam is al-musāwah which views that all humans are equal. However, strict gender regulations in Arabic make Islamic texts described in a masculine manner and appear discriminatory against women. This raises demands to review and reinterpret religious texts. For example, religious texts about heaven, which are explained more as a vehicle for the peak of satisfaction and enjoyment for men, are not followed by adequate explanations about pleasures for women. Although no one knows exactly how the conditions in heaven will be except Allah SWT. Existing interpretations do not address women as whole human beings. Meanwhile, explanations of the existing interpretations still depart from the imagination of men. Therefore, it is important to interpret the verses of heaven with a mubādalah interpretation approach. The approach used in this library research is a philosophical approach by exploring verses that explain about verses of heavenly angels. Once collected, the data is then processed in a descriptive-analytical manner which is then analyzed using content analysis. The results of the research show that the Qirā'ah Mubādalah book was written to fight for women's rights by emphasizing the perspective of balance relations and mutuality. The construction of the mubādalah interpretation method has a concept that is oriented towards being separate from religious texts that talk about gender issues, both the Qur'an and hadith. The interpretation of the verses of the angels of heaven with the mubādalah interpretation approach becomes an offer and affirmation so that awareness regarding the position of women as the subject of the verse does not stop at the orders of faith alone, but continues on to descriptions of the rewards in heaven, so that heaven is also a place for women to get all perfect pleasure like a man.

References

Dozan, Wely. “Dinamika dan Paradigma Studi Al-Qur’an: Kontekstualisasi Penafsiran Ibn Kathir dan Fazlurrahman.” Diya Al-Afkar: Jurnal Studi Al-Qur’an dan Al-Hadis 8, no. 1 (2020): 33–34. https://doi.org/10.24235/diyaafkar.v8i1.5618.
Fahimah, Siti. “Geliat Penafsiran Kontemporer: Kajian Multi Pendekatan.” Al Furqan: Jurnal Ilmu Al-Qur’an dan Tafsir 4, no. 2 (Desember 2021): 172.
Gusmian, Islah. “Tafsir Al-Qur’an dan Kritik Sosial: Syu’bah Asa dalam Dinamika Tafsir Al-Qur’an di Indonesia.” Maghza: Jurnal Ilmu Al-Qur’an dan Tafsir 1, no. 2 (14 November 2016): 67–68. https://doi.org/10.24090/maghza.v1i2.741.
Andini, NAF, Marwantika, AI“PRINSIP PERNIKAHAN DALAM AL-QUR’AN DALAM KARYA SENI (Analisis Prinsip Pernikahan dalam Film Belok Kanan Barcelona) | JUSMA: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Masyarakat.” Diakses 30 September 2023. https://ejournal.iainponorogo.ac.id/index.php/jusma/article/view/651.
Hakim, Lukman. “Corak Feminisme Post-Modernis dalam Penafsiran Faqihuddin Abdul Kodir.” Jurnal Studi Ilmu-ilmu Al-Qur’an dan Hadis 21, no. 1 (30 Januari 2020): 231. https://doi.org/10.14421/qh.2020.2101-12.
Hasan Wahid, Soleh. “Kontekstualisasi Konsep Nafkah Ramah Gender Perspektif Murtadha Muthahari dan Faqihuddin Abdul Kodir.” Al-Syakhsiyyah: Journal of Law & Family Studies 1, no. 2 (27 Desember 2019): 255–79. https://doi.org/10.21154/syakhsiyyah.v1i2.2030.
Kamarusdiana, dan Ahmad Zaki M. “Posisi Al-Qur’an dalam Epistemologi Hermeneutika.” Al Amin: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Budaya Islam 2, no. 1 (27 Agustus 2019): 76. https://doi.org/10.36670/alamin.v2i1.18.
Kodir, Faqihuddin Abdul. Qira’ah Mubadalah. Yogyakarta: IRCiSoD, 2019.
Mustaqim, Abdul. Epistemologi Tafsir Kontemporer. Yogyakarta: LKiS, 2010.
Nata, Abuddin. Metodologi Studi Islam. Jakarta: PT RajaGrafindo Persada, 2008.
Nur, Hanif Al-Fauzi, Agus Hermanto, dan Abdul Qodir Zaelani. “Monogami dalam Tinjauan Mubadalah.” El-Izdiwaj: Indonesian Journal of Civil and Islamic Family Law 3, no. 2 (30 Desember 2022): 93. https://doi.org/10.24042/el-izdiwaj.v3i2.14281.
Riyadi, Hendar. Tafsir Emansipatoris: Arah Baru Studi Tafsir Al-Qur’an. Bandung: CV Pustaka Setia, 2005.
Saihu, Made. “Diskursus Tafsir Maqasidi.” Al Burhan: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pengembangan Budaya Al-Qur’an 20, no. 2 (28 Oktober 2020). https://doi.org/10.53828/alburhan.v20i2.207.
Santoso, Lukman Budi. “Eksistensi Peran Perempuan sebagai Kepala Keluarga (Telaah terhadap Counter Legal Draf-Kompilasi Hukum Islam dan Qira’ah Mubadalah).” Marwah: Jurnal Perempuan, Agama dan Jender 18, no. 2 (21 Januari 2020): 107. https://doi.org/10.24014/marwah.v18i2.8703.
Sari, Milya, dan Asmendri. “Penelitian Kepustakaan (Library Research) dalam Penelitian Pendidikan IPA.” Natural Science: Jurnal Penelitian Bidang IPA dan Pendidikan IPA 6, no. 1 (2020): 48. https://doi.org/10.15548/nsc.v6i1.1555.
Siregar, Lili Rahmawati, dan M Iqbal Irham. “Perempuan sebagai Kepala Keluarga: Tafsir Qira’ah Mubadalah.” Jurnal Hawa: Studi Pengarus Utamaan Gender dan Anak 4, no. 2 (2022): 219. https://doi.org/10.29300/hawapsga.v4i2.
Tsurayya, Rachma Vina. “Poligami dalam Perspektif Fakhr al-Din al-Razi dan Faqihuddin Abdul Kodir.” Jurnal Studi Ilmu-ilmu Al-Qur’an dan Hadis 20, no. 2 (4 November 2019): 203. https://doi.org/10.14421/qh.2019.2002-05.
Azizah, Maftukhatul, dan Asna Istya Marwantika. “CITRA WANITA SHOLEHAH DALAM NOVEL AYAT-AYAT LANGIT: ANALISIS WACANA KRITIS SARA MILLS.” Proceeding of Conference on Strengthening Islamic Studies in The Digital Era 2, no. 1 (31 Oktober 2022): 532–46.
Published
2023-09-30
How to Cite
HILMIE, Tsania Nadzifah; THOHIR, Umar Faruq. REKONSTRUKSI PENAFSIRAN AYAT BIDADARI SURGA MELALUI TAFSIR MUBĀDALAH. Proceeding of Conference on Strengthening Islamic Studies in The Digital Era, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 1, p. 1-16, sep. 2023. ISSN 2808-4675. Available at: <https://prosiding.iainponorogo.ac.id/index.php/ficosis/article/view/941>. Date accessed: 13 july 2024.