Kiai’s Leadership Efforts in Instilling the Independent Spirit of Students at Hidayatul Mubtadi'in Sobo Guno Islamic Boarding School Mangunsuman Siman Ponorogo
This study aims to examine more intensively (1) Kiai's leadership in Islamic boarding schools, (2) Kiai's efforts in instilling the spirit of independence of students, (3) The spirit of independence of students. This study uses a qualitative descriptive method to describe the informant’s words in writing. The type of method used is a case study, which discusses the leadership of the Kiai at the Hidayatul Mubtadi'in Islamic boarding school (PPHM) Sobo Guno in instilling a spirit of independence in his students. In presenting this research data using observation, interview and documentation techniques. The study results show that: First, Kiai’s leadership at PPHM Sobo Guno uses a democratic and charismatic style. Second, various efforts are implemented by Kiai to instil a spirit of independence in his students through the formation of a management structure that involves the students; reciting the Koran and the yellow book; diniyyah madrasas; yasin, tahlil, sholawat, muhadloroh, and diba' activities; cooking pickets; daily picket; and roan (service work). Third, all students at PPHM Sobo Gono have been trained to be independent so that they are easy to organize and direct because almost all students are adults.
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